Current situation

Stretching across 17,000 or more islands, the forests and waters of the Indonesia archipelago are biologically diverse. As Indonesia has developed economically, much of the biological diversity has been lost due to the production of commodities or extraction of natural resources. Although many Indonesians have prospered, a large percentage of Indonesians in rural areas and remote islands remain poor. One of the central challenges facing Indonesia today is how the production of commodities and use of natural resources can become more sustainable and beneficial for the rural poor.

STA partner Yayasan Penelitian Inovasi Bumi, or INOBU for short, was formed to address this challenge. Building on the work of Earth Innovation Institute and Penelitian Nusantara, INOBU was registered as an Indonesian, non-profit research institute in 2015. INOBU is staffed by leading Indonesian researchers in the fields of environmental policy, law, economics and spatial analysis. Our research is intended to inform policy and design innovations that leads to the sustainable and equitable production of commodities and use of natural resources.


Our strategy

Oil palm plantation in Indonesia.

Oil palm plantation in Indonesia.

INOBU actively engages government, civil society and communities in the design and dissemination of the results of our research and innovation.

How commodities are produced or natural resources extracted can have various effects on nature and society. Finding solutions that are sustainable, equitable and profitable are rarely simple or easy. These solutions, however, are possible. Understanding why problems emerge and how to solve them requires examining the interplay of social, political, economic, cultural and ecological processes. At INOBU, staff maintains strong connections with universities and civil society to ensure it employs the best researchers to produce the highest quality research. 


What We've Achieved

  • Developing jurisdictional approaches for low-emission rural development.
  • Conducted legal and policy reviews including the World Bank financed Land Governance Assessment Framework in Central Kalimantan and an assessment of licensing processes for plantations.
  • Developing an online monitoring system for plantations. 
  • Conducted assessments of financing for climate change mitigation and adaptation in conjunction with the Ministry of Finance, UNEP and UNDP.
  • Supporting the development of regulations for climate finance.

Coordinating partners

Contact: Joko Arif, jarif (at) earthinnovation (dot) org