The Pachitea basin covers an area of approximately 29,000 km² extending from cloud mountain forests to lowland tropical forests in the provinces of Oxapampa and Puerto Inca in the Selva Central of Peru. This landscape in the Peruvian Andean Amazon has a long history of deforestation driven by shifting agriculture and cattle ranch expansion fostered by unplanned colonization projects and a complex migration process.
- The growth of agricultural and cattle ranching activities and extractive industries increased the pressure on forests and indigenous lands. It led to deforestation and the depletion of natural resources, threatening livelihoods and increasing vulnerability to climate change impacts in one of the poorest regions of Peru.
- Government policies and programs are frequently applied in isolation and divorced from local development plans. Within this context, national strategies and plans for land improvement, resource management, and the reduction of emissions related to land-use change face serious challenges.
- Initiatives like REDD+, along with other mechanisms for the reduction of deforestation and GHG emissions, must first address unclear land tenure, lack of policy alignment, and weak governance.
By implementing LED-R strategies, the project seeks to reverse current trends by improving governance, building upon ongoing multi-stakeholder processes for the creation and implementation of policies and action plans to advance land-use management, promoting broader participation, and engaging with current efforts at the national level.
There is a need to ensure that national policies and strategies for the reduction of deforestation and advancement of mitigation and adaption goals to face climate change harmonize with local development initiatives. In the Pachitea basin, some institutions and plans have been advanced and need to be consolidated to achieve land management goals and overcome disconnectedness with the national government. Through the STA, partner organization Instituto del Bien Común (IBC) will:
- Support the process to create and strengthen existing local governance institutions. For example, the Oxapampa Biosphere Reserve brought together local governments, state agencies, and civil society members in multi-stakeholder dialogues regarding regional planning, upon which the project can build.
- Based on LED-R strategies for the preparation of action plans and expansion of currently approved pilots, provide technical support to reach targets and milestones according to Concerted Development plans developed by local governments to enhance collaboration across different areas of the basin.
- The National System of Environmental Management, created by the State to lead national environmental policies, is currently underutilized. IBC will help align local environmental management processes with this national system through a bottom-up approach.
What We've Achieved
- More than 5000 ha of forest areas are protected under 23 agreements with key stakeholders and two municipal ordinances that declare the protection of cloud and riparian forests of interest.
- The Oxapampa Ashaninka Yanesha Biosphere Reserve continues advancing its planning tool and strengthening its governance structure to manage the whole jurisdiction of Oxapampa province
- Two municipal commonwealths in Oxapampa and Puerto Inca provinces are formally created to strengthen landscape-wide planning and policy implementation in Pachitea basin.
- Authorities are committed to creating two Regional Conservation Areas (ACRs) in mountain forests, and three Private Conservation Areas in the Huachón community, covering glaciers and high mountain forests.
- Monitoring of deforestation, water resources and fisheries developed with the participation of local government, university, and indigenous and rural communities.
Contact: Edgardo Castro, ecastro (@) ibcperu (dot) org